2015 PPAs Designated for Lichen

2015 Jurisdictional Scan: PPA’s Designed for Lichens
Does your jurisdiction have or has it ever had a protected area established because of the rare lichens that occur there?
JURISDICTIONREPLIEDYES/NOCONTACT NAME
B.C PARKSX  
ALBERTA PARKSNOScott Jones/ Lorna Allen
COMMENTS: there’s nothing like that in Alberta. Congratulations on what could be a Canadian first! – Scott Jones   arguably we have one site established due to orchids – Garner Orchid Fen, but not specifically for a lichen. Of course, ACIMS does track rare lichens, and we do have a number of PAs that have some. – Lorna Allen
SASKATCHEWAN PARKSX  
MANITOBA PARKSNOMike Gilbertson
COMMENTS: Not in Manitoba
ONTARIO PARKSX  
SEPAQ (QUEBEC)YESClaire Ducharme
COMMENTS: In 1981, Parc national des Grands-Jardins was created in order to protect a Spruce lichen and a herd of caribou. Here’s a link to the parks’website. http://www.sepaq.com/pq/grj/decouvrir/index.dot?language_id=1   “Le parc national des Grands-Jardins protège un échantillon représentatif de la région naturelle du massif des Laurentides du nord de Québec. Il protège également un site à caractère exceptionnel constitué de pessières à cladonie, un échantillon de taïga singulier pour le sud du Québec. Le toponyme de « Grands-Jardins » fait d’ailleurs référence à ces paysages de taïga. Cette végétation particulière et fragile est l’habitat d’une espèce menacée : le caribou écotype forestier. ”   A herd of woodland caribou and spruce lichen, unusual at our latitude, is the reason Parc national des Grands-Jardins exists.    
NEWFOUNDLAND & LABRADORNOSian French
COMMENTS: There are no provincial parks or reserves in Newfoundland and Labrador to date that have been established exclusively for the protection of rare lichen species. We have an area identified for habitat protection for rare lichens but not established so far.
NOVA SCOTIAInquiring Jurisdiction Robert Cameron
COMMENTS: Original Email: I have an odd question that maybe you can help me with? I am wondering if there has ever been a protected area in Canada established because of the rare lichens that occur there?   Nova Scotia is about to establish 4 new nature reserves because of the rare and endangered lichens they contain. I am thinking that this might be a first for Canada? I would like to publish this in a couple of botany journals but I want to make sure this is the case.   Any help in tracking this down would be appreciated.
PARKS NEW BRUNSWICKYESMryse Bourgeois
COMMENTS: There were a few Protected Natural Areas that were designated last year, at least in part, to protect lichen. One of these (Ovenhead PNA) was an undeveloped park reserve on the Bay of Fundy, that was designated as a PNA due to the presence of a coastal cedar stand, which is an uncommon forest community for that region, and two uncommon lichen species (Bacidia arceutina and Megalospora porphyritis). The significance of the Megalospora porphyritis occurrence in this location was that fruiting bodies were observed, while this species is rarely fertile in New Brunswick.   Also, Pocologan PNA was mainly designated due to the presence of the Ghost Antler Lichen.   Clark Point PNA has the Cyanolichen Pannaria lurida (which was a candidate for a COSEWIC status report at the time of the PNA designation).
P.E.I PARKSX  
GOVERNMENT OF NORTHWEST TERRITORIESX  
NUNAVUT PARKSX  
YUKON PARKSX  
PARKS CANADAX  

Response Rate: 5/13 for 38%

Key Findings:

  • While rare, Protected Areas that were designated due to the rare lichen that occurs there do exist in some jurisdictions

Future Questions to Ask:

  • What other natural areas could seek designation to protect rare lichen?

Links to Resources:

  • Parc national des Grands-Jardins

http://www.sepaq.com/pq/grj/decouvrir/index.dot?language_id=1