2021 Lands Associated With Third Party Occupations

Lands Associated With Third Party Occupations

Requesting Jurisdiction: Ontario

Scan requested for park agencies that authorize third-party occupations of land within their protected areas, for private, public and/or commercial purposes.

Response Rate: 3/13 jurisdictions
23%

Questions asked:

What types of third-party occupations of land do you authorize in protected areas (e.g., private, public, commercial)?

What rights are granted / types of instruments are used to authorize thirdparty occupations of land?

How are lands associated with third-party occupations described (e.g., survey or other boundary descriptions) for third-party occupations?

2021 Compliance Officer

2021 Jurisdictional Scan: Compliance Officer – Ranger Job Description
Does your jurisdiction have a job description/training materials for a daytime Compliance Officer/Park Ranger Position responsible for educating members of the public on rules/regulations and issuing verbal and/or written warnings for minor non-compliance issues?
JURISDICTIONREPLIEDYES/NOCONTACT NAME
B.C PARKSYESNancy Bond Bob Austad
COMMENTS: Job profile attached in resources below
ALBERTA PARKSYESKrista Berezowski
COMMENTS: Please find attached the postings that Alberta Parks is using this year, is this helpful for you? We’d be very interested in learning about what Saskatchewan is doing, and I’d be happy to have a call to chat further about the program changes we’re going through, our approach, and learn from SK what you’re looking at this year.
Resources attached below
SASKATCHEWAN PARKSInquiring JurisdictionBruce McCannelDan French
Original Email:Hello everyone,
Saskatchewan Provincial Parks are updating the job description and associated work duties for our daytime compliance position. Currently, the role is referred to as a Park Ranger. Main duties consist of educating members of the public on our rules and regulations, and issuing verbal and/or written warnings for minor non-compliance issues such as a vehicle failing to show a valid entry permit. This position is not responsible for any enforcement matters, or any related high risk in-park issues.
We wondering if any jurisdictions have similar daytime compliance staff and would be willing to share the job descriptions and training material related to the position?Please send any pertinent information to:Dan FrenchExecutive Director, Park OperatinsMinistry of Parks, Culture and Sportdan.french@gov.sk.caThank you in advance.
MANITOBA PARKSX
ONTARIO PARKSNOBrendan Shepherd 
COMMENTS:I worked with Bob Wilson back in 2017 when Ontario Parks was conducting a jurisdictionalscan of parks enforcement training programs – he was a great help! From our conversationsback then, it looks like we don’t have a comparable position to your park rangers. Our parkwardens are more comparable to Saskatchewan’s seasonal conservation officers.
Our park wardens share some of the same duties you’ve outlined but also have the legislatedpower/authority of a provincial police officer and are responsible for compliance/enforcementof parks-related provincial offences; criminal offences are turned over to police.
We have many different job descriptions for park wardens as they are unique to what park(s)the park warden works at. I’m happy to share if you think they would be useful to you.
As for training, our park wardens attend a multi-week initial training program and annualrecertification training thereafter. Most likely apples-to-oranges from what you are looking forbut happy to provide more information here as well if it would help.
SEPAQ (QUEBEC)X
NEWFOUNDLAND & LABRADOR PARKSX
NOVA SCOTIA PARKSX
PARKS NEW BRUNSWICKX
P.E.I PARKSX
GOVERNMENT OF NORTHWEST TERRITORIES PARKSX
NUNAVUT PARKSX
YUKON PARKSX
PARKS CANADAX

Response Rate: 3/13 for 23%

Key Findings:

  • It is possible that not all responses were captured here due to the nature of the request.
  • Park compliance issues are normally handled by Park Wardens in Ontario, who also have legal authority of a provincial police officer in regards to parks compliance. 
  • In Alberta and B.C, the compliance officer position is similar to that of a Park Recreation and Resource Officers or a Student Ranger respectively. These positions educate and provide verbal warnings, but do not have legal authority to enforce regulations. 

Future Questions to Ask:

  • Should all parks staff be trained to provide education and verbal warnings on compliance issues? 
  • What positions do parks currently have that are prepared to issue compliance warnings as part of their position (when their position is not strictly compliance based)? I.e campground staff, visitor services, gate attendants.

Links to Resources: 

2021 COVID-19 Camping

2021 Jurisdictional Scan: COVID Camping Operations
JURISDICTIONREPLIEDCONTACT NAME
B.C PARKSBob Austad
ALBERTA PARKSScott Jones
SASKATCHEWAN PARKSBruce McCannel
MANITOBA PARKSElisabeth Ostrop
ONTARIO PARKSBrad Steinberg 
SEPAQ (QUEBEC)Sophie Fournier
NEWFOUNDLAND & LABRADOR PARKSX
NOVA SCOTIA PARKSMatt Parker
PARKS NEW BRUNSWICKJosh Tompkins
P.E.I PARKSShane Arbing
GOVERNMENT OF NORTHWEST TERRITORIES PARKSX
NUNAVUT PARKSJakub Garbarczyk
YUKON PARKSX
PARKS CANADAMichael Nadler
What is your jurisdiction’s camping reservation launch date and was it adjusted due to COVID-19?
JURISDICTIONCOMMENTS
B.C PARKSBC has delayed its normal reservation launch date due to the uncertainty regarding PHO restrictions and when they might lift or change.  Normally we would be releasing inventory in January, but have delayed and are tentatively targeting March 1st for opening.  This has not been publicly announced as we are waiting for some stabilization in potential restrictions prior to release so that we can avoid mid-season changes and potential refund scenarios.
ALBERTA PARKSBackcountry camping already open on a rolling window.
Implement a rolling reservation window for the 2021 season, starting March 4 for individual campsites and March 5 for Comfort Camping/Cabins.
SASKATCHEWAN PARKSNot announced yet, but expected to be April 12-23rd, similar to years without Covid-19 issues.
MANITOBA PARKSFor 2021, our three reservation opening dates are scheduled to be as follows:  April 5, 7 & 12.  In 2020, we had our first opening date as scheduled in March, but delayed the subsequent two dates to early May.  Our camping season opened as per its usual May schedule.
ONTARIO PARKSOntario Parks has a rolling 5 month reservation window which has not been adjusted for the 2021 season.
SEPAQ (QUEBEC)For National parks, clients were able to reserve cabins for summer 2021, starting May 10th 2020. For camping, we ended up opening reservations November 14th for summer 2021. Reservations were outstanding. We never had that amount of sales in camping in just one day.
Camping and Ready-to-camp: Final date : November 14th  2020 [Date initially planned: May 9th 2020]
Cabins: Final date: May 10th 2020 [Date initially planned: April 18 2020]
NEWFOUNDLAND & LABRADOR PARKSX
NOVA SCOTIA PARKSThe first full week of April.  We typically launch on April 2/3 so we shifted it this year due to the Easter holiday.
PARKS NEW BRUNSWICKWe actually just launched for our Seasonal campsite reservations yesterday.We’ll launch for nightly/monthly reservations on February 2nd 
P.E.I PARKSStill targeting April 1, 2021 for this seasons reservation launch
GOVERNMENT OF NORTHWEST TERRITORIES PARKSX
NUNAVUT PARKSNunavut does not have a camping reservation launch date, as campsites cannot be reserved ahead of time.
YUKON PARKSX
PARKS CANADAReservations for trips between May 2021 and March 2022 will open in April, instead of January. This will give you more time to consider the latest COVID-19 measures. It may also help reduce the need for cancellations.
How far in advance can bookings occur? (30, 60, 90 days or the entire season?
JURISDICTIONCOMMENTS
B.C PARKSBC is now planning for reservations 60 days in advance instead of our normal 120 days.  That might change depending on the circumstances.
ALBERTA PARKSIndividual and Backcountry camping reservations 90 days in advance, and comfort and group [when/if it opens later in the season] camping utilizing a 180 day window.
SASKATCHEWAN PARKSAt launch, bookings can be made for the entire season, Thursday before May long weekend through September 30th.
MANITOBA PARKSBookings can be made for the entire season, which runs from May 14 to October 11, 2021.
ONTARIO PARKS5 months ahead of the arrival date.
SEPAQ (QUEBEC)Clients can reserve in advance for the entire season
NEWFOUNDLAND & LABRADOR PARKSX
NOVA SCOTIA PARKSEntire Season
PARKS NEW BRUNSWICKEntire summer (May to October) season. We’re working on adding some Winter camping options at the moment though.
P.E.I PARKSOnce we go live, guests can book for the entire season. Our max stay for reservations online is 30days
GOVERNMENT OF NORTHWEST TERRITORIES PARKSX
NUNAVUT PARKSBookings cannot be made ahead of time. Sites are available on a first-come, first-served basis.
YUKON PARKSX
PARKS CANADAEntire Season
Will all booking offers be available or will certain categories be closed (individual sites, group camping, roofed accommodation, etc.)?
JURISDICTIONCOMMENTS
B.C PARKSBC anticipates releasing front country and backcountry camping opportunities with some minor changes:  front country double sites will continue to be offered as one reservation unit and not sold in halves; double site occupancy limits are still TBD but we hope to return to normal (16); group campsites will continue to be repurposed as extended family camping with occupancy limits TBD (2020 limit was set at 16); picnic shelters and halls will remain closed/unreservable.
ALBERTA PARKSOpen all individual sites, except for the second half of double/shared sites where the amenities like picnic tables and/or fire pits are shared.
Get guidance from Alberta Health Services on Group Camping Areas on ability to open when/if outdoor gathering allowances increase [*outdoor gatherings currently limited to 10 people].
Depending on staffing availability / contract cleaning services, even within current guidelines Comfort Camping to potentially open March 5.
SASKATCHEWAN PARKSCurrent plan is that all booking offers will be available. No changes currently being considered due to Covid-19 other than enhanced cleaning and signage.
MANITOBA PARKSIn 2020, group use areas were affected.  We implemented closures that paralleled COVID restrictions at the time, which meant we had to contact customers and cancel their reservations.  There were travel restrictions placed on out of province visitors and visitors traveling to northern Manitoba.  We had to contact these incoming reservations if they were affected. We did not have to close our fixed roofed accommodations, nor could we leave gaps in between bookings.  We were fairly fortunate with relatively low incidents of cases in Manitoba last summer.  If COVID restrictions are different in 2021, we will parallel the public health order requirements.  We recognize that it was challenging for out-of-province visitors who had to navigate differences in approaches between the provinces.  We try to communicate current restrictions and update them regularly on our website. https://www.gov.mb.ca/sd/parks/covid.html 
ONTARIO PARKSIt is still unknown if all of our different booking categories will be offered for the 2021 season, similar to the 2020 season. We are currently reviewing the offering of group campsites and picnic shelter reservations for 2021. In order to address overcrowding and promote physical distancing we may also be limiting occupancy for day-use and camping for 2021. 
SEPAQ (QUEBEC)Groups camping and shelters are closed for reservations at the moment. The rest of the categories are open. Shelters will soon be open for reservations (exclusively only, no shared shelters for next summer).
NEWFOUNDLAND & LABRADOR PARKSX
NOVA SCOTIA PARKSWe are planning on starting the year off the same way we finished last year, so we will have limited site closures, no group camping, no overflow camping and no roof accommodation.  Visitors will also be required to have reservations prior to coming to the park.
PARKS NEW BRUNSWICKAlmost all booking categories are available. We have never opened Group camping for online reservations, preferring to keep those at the Park level since it’s primarily for school and Scout/Guide groups.
P.E.I PARKSWe expect to offer our full range of camping opportunities
GOVERNMENT OF NORTHWEST TERRITORIES PARKSX
NUNAVUT PARKSNot applicable. No restrictions on reservations currently in place for camp sites or park shelters and pavilions.
YUKON PARKSX
PARKS CANADAN/A

Response Rate: 10/13 for 77%

Key Findings:

  • Opening dates for camping reservations were generally not adjusted due to COVID-19. Only B.C Parks reported delaying their reservations due to uncertaining surrounding PHO restrictions.
  • Jurisdictions that offer reservations generally allow visitors to book for any time in the season once they open. 
  • In general, group camping was the primary category of services that has been affected and will continue to be adjusted as per COVID-10 public health orders. Sites where amenities are normally shared (i.e picnic tables) have also been cut to half capacity (1 unit per amenity rather than 2)

Future Questions to Ask:

  • As restrictions begin to ease, how are parks returning to normal? Are jurisdictions marketing their group camping amenities as they begin to reopen?

Links to Resources: 

2021 Emergency Preparedness

2021 Jurisdictional Scan: Emergency Preparedness
Does your jurisdiction have an emergency preparedness plan you would be willing to share?
JURISDICTIONREPLIEDYES/NOCONTACT NAME
B.C PARKSX
ALBERTA PARKSInquiring JurisdictionBrad Marshall
COMMENTS: Alberta Parks is working on enhancing our response to disaster and emergencies and overall emergency management preparedness. As such, we’re looking to seek input from other jurisdictions. Our team has prepared a request for information and are specifically seeking input from Alberta’s National Parks, as these are more applicable to us than the eastern provinces.We have also requested this information from our provincial and territorial counterparts, and will be rolling up the information (which we will circulate once received).
Would you be able to circulate this on our behalf? We are requesting responses by March 22nd to Brad.Marshall@gov.ab.ca.
Questionnaire available in resources below
SASKATCHEWAN PARKSYESN/A
COMMENTS:Questionnaire response in resources below
MANITOBA PARKSX
ONTARIO PARKSX 
SEPAQ (QUEBEC)X
NEWFOUNDLAND & LABRADOR PARKSYESN/A
COMMENTS: Questionnaire response in resources below
NOVA SCOTIA PARKSX
PARKS NEW BRUNSWICKYESN/A
COMMENTS: Questionnaire response in resources below
P.E.I PARKSX
GOVERNMENT OF NORTHWEST TERRITORIES PARKSX
NUNAVUT PARKSX
YUKON PARKSX
PARKS CANADAX

Response Rate: 3/13 for 23%

Key Findings:

  • It is likely, given the nature of the request, that many responses were not captured here
  • The 3 jurisdictions who responded here did have emergency preparedness plans for their staffed sites. 

Future Questions to Ask:

  • Revisit question in the future to capture more responses here

Links to Resources: 

2021 Trails Strategy

2021 Jurisdictional Scan: Trails Strategy
Does your jurisdiction have information they are willing to share on trail strategies and/or recent trail innovations? Specific themes of interest include inventory, identification of repair/maintenance priorities, assessment of opportunities for new trails/experiences, connections to communities/other trails, stakeholder and public engagement, promotion of active living/connection with nature, trail programming (apps, geocaches, interpretation, night walks, etc.), and potential partners
JURISDICTIONREPLIEDYES/NOCONTACT NAME
B.C PARKSX
ALBERTA PARKSYESCaroline Crell /Glen Cowper
COMMENTS: In Alberta, we don’t have a system wide trail plan or strategy, and although this is something that is of interest (both in the provincial parks system and on our other public/crown lands), we just haven’t found the capacity to embark on it. Some of the more operational planning and management considerations around trails are built into our Park Management Plans (where we have those developed – e.g. Lois Hole Centennial Provincial Park). However, here is some information that may be of use to your team:We are in the process of undertaking a Master Trails Strategy at Fish Creek Provincial Park – one of the largest urban park in North America, located in Calgary. Attached is the RFQ for the Strategy along with our Project Charter and Workplan. While the trails within Fish Creek are very unique as they are “urban” in nature, there may be some value in the scope of work in the RFP. The engagement report has not yet been finalized, but we are anticipating that they will be later this year (summer 2021). If you are interested in the final report and deliverables, please reach out to us again. We are also hoping to gain approval to launch into a similar exercise for one of our popular provincial recreation areas just outside of Edmonton at Cooking Lake-Blackfoot, which would be a more “typical” multi-use trail system, but are very early in the planning stages for that.Trail Development Guidelines for Alberta’s Public Land – a useful guide to planning, classification, design, construction and management of trail experiences on public landsOther, more general resources include:The Outdoor Recreation Guide it is a means to promote active living and education for responsible recreation.The Land Use Framework provides a blueprint for land-use management and decision-making that addresses Alberta’s growth pressures. One of the 3 key outcomes is for people-friendly communities with ample recreational and cultural opportunities.Livingstone-Porcupine Hills Recreation Management Plan – it addresses the priorities for outdoor recreation expressed in the South Saskatchewan Regional Plan.Sustainable Outdoor Recreation Engagement – Alberta recently completed broad consultation to inform how Alberta can ensure that outdoor recreation on Crown land is funded and managed sustainably, now and into the future. Next steps and updates are available on this engagement landing page.
We’ve also checked in with our colleagues in our sister Ministry responsible for recreation and culture and Glen Cowper – who has a wealth of experience in this work, would be happy to discuss – Glen can be reached at Glen.Cowper@gov.ab.ca .
If you have any other specific questions (either for parks or on other crown lands), or if any of the above tweaked your interest please let me know and I will find you the right contact for your question.
SASKATCHEWAN PARKSYESJoe Milligan
COMMENTS:Resources included below
MANITOBA PARKSSOMEWHATAshleigh Hall
COMMENTS: Your request for information on trail strategies was forwarded to me by my Acting Director, Glen Holmes, as I am currently leading the preparation of a Trails Strategy for Manitoba. It seems this is something that many jurisdictions are working on right now. At this time, I don’t have much I can share in terms of written documents or plans, however we did recently conduct a public survey and you can view our public engagement page here: https://engagemb.ca/manitoba-trails-strategy  . I’ve also attached a PDF that contains the survey questions, since you won’t be able to view them online now that the survey is closed (note that the formatting in the PDF is a bit awkward; it was better viewed online).
I’m currently working on analyzing the results of the public survey and would be happy to share the report once it’s released to the public, if you’re interested. Aside from that, we are intending to have a draft Trails Strategy available for public review sometime in the next couple of months.
Additional resources included below
ONTARIO PARKSX 
SEPAQ (QUEBEC)X
NEWFOUNDLAND & LABRADOR PARKSInquiring JurisdictionSian French
COMMENTS: We are in the early stages of drafting a scope of work to develop a Trail Strategy for NL Provincial Parks and would welcome any information other jurisdictions have on trail strategies and/or recent trail innovations. Could you please circulate this request for information to CPC Directors? Also, any TOR for trail consultants would be helpful too.
We are interested in an assessment of our current inventory of trails, identification of repair/maintenance priorities, assessment of opportunities for new trails and experiences, connections to communities and other trails, stakeholder and public engagement, promotion of active living and connection with nature, trail programming (apps, geocaches, interpretation, night walks, etc.), and potential partners, etc.
A response by Monday, February 22, would be much appreciated.
NOVA SCOTIA PARKSYESMatt Parker /Doug Oliver
COMMENTS: NS recently released a trail strategy. You can find it herehttps://novascotia.ca/trailstrategy/#:~:text=Nova%20Scotia%20has%20a%20community,users%2C%20visitors%20and%20community%20groups  .I have copied Doug Oliver, who is our provincial park trails person and was involved with development of the trail strategy.
PARKS NEW BRUNSWICKYESJosh Tompkins /Carl Lavigne
COMMENTS: Hey Sian, I’ve copied in Carl Lavigne from our team. He leads the Trails file and should be able to assist you with most of all of your questions from the NB perspective.This file should give you a decent starting point though –https://www2.gnb.ca/content/dam/gnb/Departments/thc-tpc/pdf/Parks-Parcs/TrailsActionPlan20171.pdf 
P.E.I PARKSNOShane Arbing
COMMENTS: Sorry I should have responded to this. Currently, PEI does not have a trail strategy. We are in the process of developing an Active Transportation plan for the province. It is not trail specific but a portion of the plan will be dedicated to recreational trail development. We had our first call with the consultant yesterday so just getting started. I’d be happy to share when something is available. We do have a Confederation Trail (abandoned rail line across the Island over 400kms in total) Standards document but it is in need of updating and I’m not sure it’s worth circulating at this point. Have a good one.
GOVERNMENT OF NORTHWEST TERRITORIES PARKSX
NUNAVUT PARKSSOMEWHAT
COMMENTS: Nunavut Parks does not currently have an overarching trail strategy or recent TOR for trail consultants.
Current and future trails are identified within our park Master Plan documents. The Master Plans are developed with the assistance of a committee, consisting of community members from the nearest community to the park. This Community Joint Planning and Management Committee (CJPMC) advises our organization on all aspects of the planning for the park, including trail development.
The majority of our trails consist of gravel footpaths although there’s an ATV boardwalk being developed in Kugluk Territorial Park. Some more information is available here: https://www.canada.ca/en/polar-knowledge/polar-blog-articles/how-community-driven-research-is-solving-a-problem-with-thawing-permafrost-in-kugluktuk.html 
In terms of partnerships, we’re currently using funding from the Trans Canada Trail / Great Trail team to upgrade trail signage, cabins, and other infrastructure found on the I6jjagiaq Trail within Katannilik Territorial Park as it’s part of the Great Trail network.
YUKON PARKSYESSharina Kennedy
COMMENTS:Great timing! We are also working on our trail game in Yukon Parks. Our new Yukon Parks Strategy commits to “Developing Recreation Destinations”, and a big component of that is enhancing outdoor recreation opportunities through trails. I’ll provide you a summary of where we are at in Yukon Parks, and also some people/resources I’m aware of (I recently came from Alberta Parks) that you will likely find useful.
What We’re Working On:Like NL, we want to get a handle on our current inventory of trails throughout the territory and collect data on their condition. I’m working with IT to develop a customized trail survey tool (using Survey 123) and data collection protocol. The hope is to have two summer students walking trails all summer long (best job ever!) and at the end of the season, we’ll have a georeferenced map of trails within or near parks, their condition, category, values, hazards, etc. This inventory and preliminary assessment will help us with future trails planning: telling us where the opportunities are for enhancement/development. Once we have the survey tool finalized, I’d be more than happy to share it with you. Where possible, through this project we also hope to work with First Nations (possibly Indigenous guardians) to collect info on cultural & traditional use values where appropriate and where there is a desire to do so.The project above is informed by many years of trail monitoring and trail suitability assessment work done by Lolita Hughes in Tombstone Territorial Park. I would consider Lolita to be an expert in this, so I have copied her on this message in case you would like to follow up with her for more info.In 2019, we opened a new accessible interpretive trail (the Tän Tágà Shro trail), which was developed in partnership with the City and two First Na1ons. It has been very well received, and we hope to replicate this approach to collaborative trail planning and development in other places.If you would like more info about how this came to be, feel free to get in touch and I can connect you to the right people!
Other Tools and Resources:I am sure you will get a response from Manitoba, but just in case: I just had a great chat with Ashleigh Hall, who is leading an epic Trail Strategy project for Manitoba parks *and* crown lands.I have found this guide to be a very useful reference for trails planning. It is written for Alberta’s public lands, but certainly applicable to parks. In particular, the Trail Management Objective (TMO) is a really good and simple place to start with trails planning and management. As we move forward with developing a trails planning framework for Yukon Parks I’m really hoping we can develop TMOs for every trail we manage in our system.
I hope this is helpful. I’m also really interested in following other jurisdictions’ journeys in trails planning… If your planners ever want to reach out for info-sharing or problem solving via videoconference, I’m alwaysup for that.
PARKS CANADAYESHeather MacDonald /Mark Schmidt
COMMENTS: Attached please find input from Parks Canada on your request for information on Trail Strategies. This information has been compiled by my colleague Mark Schmidt, who is our lead advisor on trails.
Mark has provided a summary of the attached documents in his message below, and he has listed other tools and guidelines that are available should you be interested in receiving more information. He invites you to contact him directly if you have any questions or would like more information – his coordinates are included in the email below.
Mark would be very interested in receiving the information you are compiling from the other jurisdictions so he can find out more about what others are doing in this area as well.Please don’t hesitate to let me know if you have any questions.
Marks Response:
We have a full suite of guidelines and tools to assist our sites in the development and ongoing management of trails.
For this request I have attached:Trail Concept Planning Process – Guiding DocumentThis outlines the steps that are recommended for developing trail plans and trail strategies.There are templates and additional tools that accompany this process, I can share these in the future if required.
Trail PrinciplesThis outlines the 7 Trail Principles and accompanying Principle-Based Guidelines that all of our sites use for making decisions for trails.
Trail Classification SystemThis provides our sites with direction on the specifications to develop and manage our trails (note: this document is currently being updated and will be ready for release later this year. Until the revised version is released this current version is what the field is using.)
In addition we have : Market Segmentation tools, Drae Trail Assessment tools, Trail Reclamation guidelines and more. We are also working on the final version of the new Trail Infrastructure Standard which, once approved, we will be able to share.
Please feel free to pass on my contact information and please ask that I am included in the completed compilation of information, its nice to learn from what others are doing.

Response Rate: 9/13 for 69%

Key Findings:

  • Alberta, Manitoba, and Yukon Parks are currently looking into creating a system wide trail strategy. 
  • Nova Scotia has recently released an in depth Trails Strategy that is a great resource for similar projects . 
  • Saskatchewan also has a Sustainable Trail Model that works as a great resource.
  • Alberta and Yukon Parks currently include trail planning in the Park Master Plans that exist. 

Future Questions to Ask:

  • Could a base set of guidelines for trail strategies exist on a nationwide scale?

Links to Resources: